Dimensions 130 × 55 × 45 cm
Title The Headwaters Of The Nile. Swamps in the area of Sedd in South Sudan
Background Black background
Lighting Pendant lamp with two lamp T5 54 watt
Filtration Eheim Classic 600 2217020
Plants Pistia stratiotes, Cyperus sp.
Animals Protopterus aethiopicus - 1
Materials River sand, granite, snag - the trunk of an elm tree, the roots of birch
Additional Information The river Nile is the longest river on the African continent. On the plains of the Sudan, the Nile is called Bahr-Il-Jabal (River of Mountain), it crosses the marshy district of Sadd, where it empties into the River Gazelle (Bahr-Il-ghazal) and where it loses half its water to evaporation and absorption of its abundant vegetation. There is a huge mass of algae, papyrus and floating plants clutter the riverbed, and because the river is flowing and forms a plurality of sleeves. All this creates the preconditions for the existence of a vast and varied aquatic fauna. Many fish species inhabit here - catfish, cichlids, polypterus, and among them the amazing lungfish fish protopterus. Protaper, in addition to gills, it has a dual light, and the adult fish is the main pulmonary respiration, the share of gill nets account for less than 10% of the consumed oxygen. Taking a breath, protaper pokes out of the water the upper lip, on the inner surface, you can see the holes through which air enters the lungs. The throat of the fish at the same time greatly inflated. In most parts of its range protopterus live in temporary water bodies dry up during the dry season, and go dormant in times of drought, burrowing into the soil to a depth of 25-50 cm hibernation usually lasts 6-9 months, during this time, protaper loses about 20% of the mass and decreases in size in its tissues accumulates such a quantity of urea that would be lethal to most vertebrates (1-2% of body weight). However, with the advent of water protaper safely wakes up. At the same time, protopterus living in perennial water bodies, for example, in the Great lakes of Central Africa, hibernate not to fall as protopterus in aquariums. For example, a big procopter with photos no hibernation live in the aquarium for about 30 years. For obvious reasons, protaper is the only inhabitant of this tank, because small fish it perceives as food, leading to damage. Also in the aquarium is papyrus (Cyperus papyrus L.), growing in this biotope and reaching a height of 3 meters tall,used more small species Cyperus.