Dimensions 70 × 50 × 30 cm
Title Shallow water of the Tobolki lake, Pskov region, Russia
Lighting Aqualighter LED
Filtration JBL CRISTAL PROFI E 701 greenline external filter.
The aquarium is installed in the unheated part of the residential building. The temperature in it varies depending on the time of year. From 5°С (in winter) to 25°С (in the summer). Therefore, additional equipment for cooling or heating water is not required. Temperature fluctuations are similar to natural ones.
Plants Lobelia dortmanna, Carex crinita
Animals Astacus astacus, Viviparus contectus, Rutilus rutilus, Perca fluviatilis
Materials The substrate is UDeco River Amber, fraction 0.1-0.6 mm. Mixed with sand from a natural reservoir. The sands are very similar in color and fraction. Driftwoods of leaf tres and supposedly pine. Well soaked in a natural pond.
Additional Information Tobolki is a small lake, about 25 ha in size. The ground is fine, probably quartz. The color from the shore seems light gray, almost white, but on closer examination the sand has a light yellow hue. In the depths of the lake there are layers of blue clay. The uniqueness of this lake is certainly in its inhabitants. There is a Astacus astacus with five varieties in color: brown-blue, blue, brown, black, blue. Fish: Cobitis taenia, Rutilus rutilus, Perca fluviatilis, Esox lucius. Mollusks (Viviparus contectus). Pike and loach were not placed in the aquarium, as in a small space, some will become food for others. The lake as if specially divided into small, but clearly marked zones, in each of which crayfish of a certain color predominate. Brown live close to the shore, under driftwood and branches lying on the bottom. Blue are at depth. Brown-blue and black colors occur at the junction of the zones. The main part of the shallow water is covered with dense thickets of Lobelia dortmanna. This low plant, with a very powerful root system, is not often found in our reservoirs. It prefers pure clear water. During flowering, the surface of the water along the shore is literally covered with a white and blue carpet. Slightly deeper Carex crinita grows, in the thickets of which juvenile fish hide. In small areas densely covered with reeds, with a marshy bottom crayfish practically is not found. In areas with bare ground, you can see various water insects and mollusks. Crayfish come here. The gently sloping banks and the lack of shelter forced some of the crayfish to go far from the shore. In this zone there are few aquatic plants, rare water lilies and individual reed stalks do not form dense thickets characteristic for these plants. The layers of blue clay here come very close to the surface, along the bottom there is a layer of very shallow blue suspension. Probably, this is why the crabs have acquired such an unusual color.
The water in the lake is very clear and soft (pH 7, KH 2, GH 2), TDS is only 40 ppm! Shells of mollusks are in most cases severely destroyed. For me it’s amazing how the crayfish molt in water with such parameters. Apparently all the necessary minerals for the construction of the shell are in the clay. The water level varies depending on the season and the amount of precipitation. In summer the water is very clear, visibility of several meters. During the rainy season, the water level rises, more suspended matter forms, various algae appear, although in summer the plants are unusually clean, practically free of algae.